With its simple architectural style, the Nigar-Özcan Canpolat House
differentiates itself from its neighboring counterparts in the Yelki of İzmir.
The design of the residence began in 2016 by Mert Uslu Architecture and was
completed in 2019. In the early stages of conceptual design, while the requests
of the client were being taken into consideration, careful attention was given
to the fact that the client would be alternating their residence between France
and Turkey and design decisions were made accordingly. Since the spring and
summer seasons would be spent in Turkey, the design of the residence aimed to
reverse the potential disadvantages that would be experienced with sun exposure
and heating potentials in these seasons a positive direction. In accordance
with this, a 9 meter high stone wall, the veritable backbone of the project,
was used as the intuitive articulation of the origin of the design.
The requirement of structures that are located in regions with hot climatic characteristics to maintain ideal comfort conditions while circulating hot air within the interior spaces further distinguishes the stone wall within the design. Separated from the stone wall, the gallery in the interior space not only allows for the warm air to circulate upward but also by increasing the interior volumetric dimension, provides alternate perspectives to the existing spatial perception. The wooden staircase that is located in the gallery connects the upper floor to the lower floor and the first floor.
The attachment of the stair to the bedrooms of the first floor through bridges enhances the spatial richness of the gallery. Located on a sloping site, the residence is planned to consist of three floors with a split-level ground floor and first floor. The upper floor can be accessed from the entrance façade located on the eastern axis, while the lower floor and first level are accessed from the upper floor. The way in which the lower ground floor opens up to the garden creates an integrated narrative through the connection of interior and exterior spaces. While the living room, kitchen, cellar, guest bedroom, restrooms, and hall are located on this floor, the terrace, garden, pool, winter garden, and water storage are placed on the exterior.
On exterior flooring and garden wall covering, basalt stones were used. The combination of material that is used in the building the threedimensional reflection of a pure geometric configuration while creating a holistic interaction of color and texture throughout. The green textures around the basalt stone-covered hardscape are protected by changing the locations of the existing olive trees while plants specific to the region are integrated into the landscape. The visual qualities of the residence are enriched in the evening with lighting elements on the garden walls and floor. The ladder on the garden level connects the exterior spaces of the lower floor and the upper floor creating a passage between them. While openings to the lower floor pool and garden increase the visual perception at the spatial level by integrating the concepts of the interior and exterior, it provides different forms of use for the residents, in the summer.
Leaning against the stone wall, the wooden staircase, and the space it occupies, are displayed through the openings of the garden façade that rises up to all of the floors. The circulation gap between the stone wall and interior spaces that is read in plan is perceptible along the façade. At the same time, this perception contributes to the holistic reflection of the solid-void balance in the structure. The movement and flow between this space draw attention from the outside with its legible structure. The reinforced concrete slabs of the upper floors that stick to the opening that rises along the façade emphasize the simple architectural language both vertically and horizontally. The living room, bedroom, bathroom, hall and balcony are located in the interior of the upper ground floor where the main entrance of the building is located; while the parking is located on the exterior. The garden and pool vistas can be viewed from the balcony that is accessed through the living room located on this floor. At the same time, the structure of this balcony is designed in connection with the main entrance making it a semi-open area accessible from the outside. The basalt stone flooring of the main entrance also continues onto the balcony, thus providing visual continuity between the floor planes. The balcony, which is attached to the structure as a console with a width of three meters, turns into a sunset terrace with light reflections emerging at sunset. The vertical metal railings that continue horizontally along the balcony not only increase the visual rhythm along the façade but also support the vertical-horizontal relationship of the building and the visual continuity of material differences.
The wooden ladder that connects the upper ground floor and the first floor merges with the stone wall and the first-floor bridge as it defines the circulation in the gallery space. The two-story height space is integrated with the openings that extend along the three floors of the garden façade and stone wall, forming its identity within the structure. Lighting elements are suspended from the ceiling as elements that define this space vertically. Within this part of the residence, the design was intended to create different perspectives within the interior while also creating visual permeability of the interior spaces when viewed from the exterior. With these visual effects, the physical flows between the rooms define its own outward appearance.
The master bedroom and bathroom, children’s room, hall, and balconies are on the first floor of the residence. A balcony that is only accessible through the master bedroom and overlooks the main entrance façade is added to this floor. A second balcony, which can be accessed by both bedrooms on this floor, is located on the garden façade. Inside the master bedroom, the dressing area is designed as a separate volume. Access to these spaces is provided through the bridge that connects to the staircase located in the gallery.
Designed with a simple architectural language, the residence can be read through pure geometrical formations. The interactions between the horizontal and vertical lines reinforce the outward appearance of the geometric form and the style. The spaces behind the stone wall, transform the structure into a focal point, flow into each other both in the two and three-dimensional, supporting the formation of different spatial perceptions within the interior. The visual harmony established between stone, exposed concrete, basalt stone and transparent materials is a reflection of the tone composed at the beginning of design. This approach is the fundamental factor that not only integrates the building to the natural environment in which it is located but also provides balance. This approach is the product of the entire design philosophy.
Architectural Design: Mert Uslu Architecture
Design Team: Mert Uslu, Nilay Özcan Uslu, Melek Güneysu Öztürk, İmge Yurtseven Koç, Farida Rashidova
Contractor: Özcan Canpolat
Structural Engineering: Deniz Alkan
Mechanical Engineering: Arel
Electrical Engineering: Bolelli
Construction Area: 350 sqm
Location: Güzelbahçe, İzmir
Completion Date: 2019
Photographs: Mert Uslu Architecture Archive
OUTDOOR FLOORS AND GARDEN WALLS